Having a tooth removed can feel daunting and cause anxiety.

It is often used as a last resort when a tooth cannot be saved due to trauma, decay, infection or other dental deterioration. Teeth may also require extraction prior to starting orthodontic treatment. This gives the other teeth more space to move to achieve a newly straightened set of teeth.

Never attempt to pull out your own tooth out at home, as this could cause more serious problems. Dentists have the right equipment and sterile environment in which to perform this type of procedure with the utmost care, and your recovery can be fairly quick.

A tooth extraction is a routine dental procedure where the tooth and root are completely removed from the mouth under local anaesthetic.

Dental extraction aftercare instructions

  • DO NOT eat or drink until after the effects of the local anaesthetic wear off (this will take 3-4 hours).
  • Following this, eat and drink with care, avoiding sites where teeth have been removed.
  • Slight bleeding for a while is quite normal. Do NOT spit or rinse for 24 hours; just swallow gently.
  • If bleeding persists, roll up a clean handkerchief or the gauze provided, place it over the extraction site and bite down hard on it for at least 20 minutes.
  • Avoid sport or strenuous exercise for 24 hours. Sit down comfortably for the first few hours.
  • Avoid smoking, alcohol and very hot drinks for at least 24 hours. Smoking will delay healing and may result in a painful condition called a dry socket.
  • The day after the extraction, rinse the area with warm, salty water.
  • You can take painkillers before the anaesthetic wears off. Paracetamol or Ibuprofen are normally suitable for this. Ibuprofen may not be appropriate if you are allergic or have asthma/stomach problems.


  • Persistent Bleeding.
  • Severe Swelling.
  • Severe Pain.

Wisdom tooth extraction

One area of speciality within dentistry, known as oral surgery, applies to procedures of a surgical nature, such as the extraction of teeth or wisdom teeth. Oral surgery requires additional training in techniques to perform procedures with care. If you have advanced tooth decay or an impacted wisdom tooth, you may require oral surgery to have it safely extracted. Depending on your particular case and the severity of your problem, you will be given anaesthetic and offered sedation if you are anxious.


What should I expect at the Extraction appointment?

Prior to a tooth extraction, we will make sure you are fully aware of why it is needed and what the process will entail. The procedure itself can be carried out using a local anaesthetic, or some patients may prefer intravenous sedation. If this is the case, you will need someone to attend the practice with you and to stay with you following treatment.

What happens after a Dental Extraction?

After an extraction, your dentist may suture the gum to aid healing. A compress is usually applied, and some temporary bleeding is normal. As the healing process begins, a blood clot should form at the extraction point. It is important not to dislodge the clot to avoid drying out the tooth socket.

Following an extraction, some patients may feel a little soreness once the anaesthetic wears off. In most cases, this only lasts a day or two. If required, swelling can be reduced by using an icepack for short periods of about 10 minutes at a time.

After an extraction, we recommend avoiding hot drinks, smoking, using mouthwash or brushing the extraction site for 24 hours.

For more information regarding this treatment
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